What is New Psychoactive Substances (NPS)?

Also known as:
Spice, K2, Bath Salts, Kronic, Bromo-Dragonfly.


  • NPS are substances of abuse, either in a pure form or a preparation, that are not controlled by international drug conventions, but which may pose a public health threat
  • An umbrella term for unregulated (new) psychoactive substances or products intended to mimic the effects of controlled drugs.
  • Includes Mephedrone and BZP and TFMPP
  • No known medical or industrial use

What are the effects of NPS?

Negative effects

NPS have unknown, dangerous toxicology effects and are as addictive and harmful as controlled drugs. Abuse can lead to:

  • Severe intoxications
  • Severe toxic reaction leading to death
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations
  • Adverse cardiovascular problems
  • Renal failure
  • Seizures

What are the penalties of possession or consumption of NPS?  

Possession or consumption of NPS:

  • Up to 10 years of imprisonment, or $20,000 fine, or BOTH.

Illegal traffic, manufacture, import or export of NPS:

  • Minimum of 5 years of imprisonment with 5 strokes of the cane.